Monywa is a city in central Myanmar and situated on the eastern bank of the Chindwin River, Mandalay Division. It lies 136 km north-west of Mandalay along the Mandalay-Budalin branch railway line. Monywa serves as a major trade center for India and Burma through Kalay Myo road and Chindwin river.

During the Bagan period at the present location of Monywa, there was a big village, and according to a legend which says a Myanmar king fell in love with a seller of cakes from this village and made her his queen and therefore the village was named ‘Monywa’ meaning ” Village of the woman cake seller”. The classical name for Monywa is Thalawadi.